Endodontics is also known as root canal treatment.
Most of the endodontic treatments are performed due to pulp or root canal infection by bacteria normally found in the mouth, but there are other common reasons for the need for endodontic treatment.
Many endodontic procedures are performed to relieve toothache caused by pulp inflammation or infection. With modern techniques and anesthetics, there is no pain during the procedure. Tooth sensitivity may be observed in the first few days after treatment, especially if there is pain or infection before the procedure. After your endodontic treatment is completed, there may be a different feeling in the teeth, but it is not permanent.
The endodontist first examines and radiographs the tooth using x-rays, then applies local anesthesia. After the tooth is numbed, a small protective layer is placed over the area to isolate the tooth and keep it clean during the procedure. An opening is created at the top of the tooth. Very small instruments are used to clean the pulp in the pulp and root canals and to shape the cavity for filling. After the cavity is cleaned and shaped, the root canals are filled with a biocompatible rubber-like substance. Gutta-percha is inserted to completely seal the root canals. In most cases, a temporary filling is placed to close the opening.