Root canal treatment is a dental treatment that relieves pain caused by an inflamed or abscessed tooth. During the root canal procedure, the inflamed pulp is removed. Then the surfaces inside the tooth are cleaned and disinfected. When a cavity not treated for a long time, excessive number of oral bacteria arises in the pulp inside your tooth. Root canal treatment is also often applied in these cases.
First, local anesthesia is applied to numb the infected tooth and surrounding gums. Before starting root canal treatment, a small rubber dam is placed over the area. A small opening is then formed at the top of the tooth to access the pulp. Small dental instruments are used to remove nerves, blood vessels, and tissue inside the tooth. After the pulp is removed, the pulp chamber and root canals are cleaned, disinfected and shaped. Empty canals are filled with dental material. A temporary dental filling is placed to prevent bacteria from re-entering. When your crown, which will be used to protect the tooth and restore your bite, is ready, the temporary filling is removed and the permanent crown is placed.